The Better Managers Manual by CMI

The Chartered Management Institute (CMI) has been fighting the COVID-19 crisis since its beginning by supporting managers and leaders. With this in mind CMI has “assembled a set of tried-and-tested tools and resources brought together through five key themes: flexible working; crisis management; mental health and wellbeing; the new employment landscape; and good governance.”

To download the #BetterManagers manual please click the following link or the image below.

To access more tools and resources by CMI please click the following link.

Get involved on social media by using the #BetterManagers hashtag.

How is CMI addressing the COVID-19 crisis?

Featured image: courtesy of CMI Undoubtedly, the times we are facing are challenging. The Coronavirus pandemic has changed the socioeconomic landscape globally. Now, more than ever, great management is of utmost importance. In these unprecedented times, CMI provides the resources to managers of all levels to cope with the crisis. Useful resources CMI is providing … Continue reading “How is CMI addressing the COVID-19 crisis?”

Featured image: courtesy of CMI

Undoubtedly, the times we are facing are challenging. The Coronavirus pandemic has changed the socioeconomic landscape globally. Now, more than ever, great management is of utmost importance. In these unprecedented times, CMI provides the resources to managers of all levels to cope with the crisis.

Useful resources

CMI is providing tools and resources to deal with the Coronavirus crisis for managers at the webpage titled “Leading through the crisis.” The web page is updated on a constant basis. Existing members can benefit from, ManagementDirect the resource containing “tools, guidance and checklists to support workplace activity.” In addition the Career Development Hub provides the tools to boost career performance. End Point Assessment partners can get relevant information on the EPA web page and in the CMI Partner Portal.

Briefings

Every week CMI CEO, Ann Francke OBE, is delivering a CMI #BetterManagers Briefing webinar to support the CMI family and wider community. Below you can find the briefing delivered on Friday the 17th of April 2020.

Briefng: Friday 17 April 13:15 GMT ¦ Courtesy of CMI

Further resources

CMI is offering a series of helpful articles with respect to flexible working, crisis management, mental health and wellbeing, the new employment landscape and the new good governance. Please follow this link to view al.
In addition CMI offers advice about managing change and a redundancy support package. Finally, CMI has launched “the Better Managers Manual, a practical, go-to guide full of resources and advice for managers and leaders to help navigate through the impacts of COVID-19.” To download the manual please follow this link.

Get involved on social media using the hashtag #BetterManagers

CMI CEO Ann Francke: keynote speaker at the Midlands Conference 2019

The Chief Executive Officer of the Chartered Management Institute (CMI) Ann Francke a keynote speaker at the Midlands Conference 2019.

Featured image: courtesy of CMI

Ann Francke will be a keynote speaker at the the CMI Annual Midlands Conference 2019, that will be held in Birmingham on Friday the 4th of October 2019 at the Birmingham International Conference Centre.

Ann Francke, CEO of Chartered Management Institute (CMI), Winner of the Louis Armstrong Award for outstanding leadership of a UK professional body 2016 and Author of: Financial Times Guide to Management: How to Make a Difference and Get Results.

Source: CMI

CMI describes Ann Francke as “a transformational leader with vision, pace and proven ability to deliver profitable growth and build organisational capability.”

Anne Francke. Courtesy of AnnFrancke

Ann Francke is Strategic Advisor at Tongal and a Non-Exec at Grant Thornton International additionally she is a member of the CRUK Women of Influence Board, WACL, MGGB and an Advisory Board member of Lancaster Management, Nottingham Trent and the Open University Business Schools. 

At CMI, she uses her experience in leading organisations to promote best practices in management and leadership, and improve management standards across the UK and beyond. Ann has been named in the top 100 women to watch in the 2015 Female FTSE report from Cranfield and is an expert on current challenges facing women in the workplace.

Source: CMI
Ann Francke on Sky news – Men-only charity gala

Ann speaks constantly in the media and at conferences about management best practice, gender equality in the workplace. 

Ann Francke, CEO of the Chartered Management Institute, interview at UWE Bristol

Before CMI Ann Francke held roles such as ‘Global General Manager at the British Standards Institution’, member of the executive board at Boots and Yell and ‘European Vice President’ at Mars. Ann started her career at Procter & Gamble where Ann managed numerous international brands such as Pampers, Always and Olay.

Ann holds a BA with Distinction from Stanford, an MBA/MS from Columbia; Honorary Doctorates in Business Administration from UWE and Nottingham Trent Universities and a Doctor of the University from Oxford Brookes.

Source: CMI

Her book Create a Gender-Balanced Workplace will be available on the 26th of September. To get a copy of the book please visit this link.

Courtesy of Penguin

In the Penguin Experts: Create a Gender-Balanced Workplace, Ann Francke, the CEO of the Chartered Management Institute (CMI), introduces her solution to combating the problems at the heart of the continued imbalance and offers clear, actionable strategies for making a positive change in your organisation.

Source: Penguin

Ann will be a keynote speaker at the the CMI Annual Midlands Conference 2019, that will be held in Birmingham on Friday the 4th of October 2019 at the Birmingham International Conference Centre.

Interested in the conference? Please use the button below to book your place:

Meet the keynote speakers of the Midlands Conference 2019

Meet the keynote speakers at the Midlands Conference 2019

Featured image: courtesy of CMI

The CMI Annual Midlands Conference 2019 will take place on Friday 4th October at the Birmingham International Conference Centre. The focal point of the conference will be the discussion subject of the national campaign Management 4.0 as announced earlier this year. The event will explore Management 4.0 themes through high-profile keynote speakers, and engaging workshops.

Who are the CMI Annual Midlands Conference 2019 keynote speakers?

The following content (text and images) belongs to CMI. Other elements (images) have been attributed to their original source.

ANN FRANCKE, CEO, CHARTERED MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

Courtesy of Ann Francke

Ann Francke is Chief Executive of the Chartered Management Institute.

 

She started her career at Procter & Gamble and has held senior executive positions at Mars, Boots, Yell and BSI.
Ann is an expert on gender balance in the workplace and speaks frequently in the media and conferences on this and other management topics. Her book on gender balance publishes on 26th September 2019. Ann also authored the ‘Financial Times Guide to Management’ and has been named in the top 100 women to watch in the 2015 Female FTSE Cranfield report. She was awarded the MemCom award for outstanding leadership of a UK professional body’ in 2016.Ann holds several Board positions and five Honorary Doctorates for her work in management and leadership. Ann and her husband live in West London; she has one daughter.

DILSHAD SHEIKH, CHAIR, CMI WEST MIDLANDS REGIONAL BOARD

Courtesy of CMI

Dilshad Sheikh is Chair of the CMI West Midlands Regional Board

Dilshad has over 20 years of teaching experience in the Higher Education sector and is currently the Dean of the Business School at University College Birmingham (UCB).

Her academic career commenced with her appointment as a Business & Marketing Lecturer, she progressed to middle management to become the Associate Dean of the Business School and then later progressed to Senior Management, when she became Dean of School. In addition to overseeing the strategic management of the Business School at UCB, Dilshad also oversees the effective management of the Business Incubator (Enterprise Hive) at UCB whereby business start-ups are supported in a variety of ways to ensure their success.

Dilshad’s previous appointments have included Retail Manager for a leading supermarket in the UK and International Marketing Manager for a multinational confectionary organisation where she was based in the south of France for two years.

The move into teaching and the Higher Education sector came as a result of Dilshad wanting to combine her academic knowledge with her industry experience and as such she successfully completed a Postgraduate Certificate in Higher Education. Dilshad completed her BSc. (Hons) in International Business Management (with French), and MSc. specialising in Marketing Management, at Aston University. She is a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and a Companion of the Chartered Management Institute.

Being of Asian origin herself, Dilshad’s most recent research interests have focused on the diversity in leadership and management across the Higher Education sector. She has delivered several keynote presentations both locally and nationally advocating the benefits of a diverse leadership and management team, is a mentor for the 30% Club and continues to engage with audiences across a variety of sectors in her endeavours to encourage more females, especially from minority ethnic backgrounds, attaining senior leadership roles.

SIMON BLAKE CHIEF EXECUTIVE, MENTAL HEALTH FIRST AID ENGLAND

Wednesday, May 27, 2015. Photographer: Jason Alden Photographer: Jason Aldenwww.jasonalden.com0781 063 1642

Simon Blake is Chief Executive at Mental Health First Aid England

Simon has dedicated his career to working with young people and has a long track record of championing difference and creating platforms for people’s voices to be heard. In doing this, Simon has worked on some of the most talked about and complex social issues of today; sex and relationships education, sexual and reproductive rights, volatile substance abuse, Personal, Social, Health Education (PSHE) and Citizenship and LGBTQ rights. He is driven by a passion for a better, more inclusive society where everyone can be themselves.

With over 20 years working with young people Simon has been involved in several projects and initiatives to promote positive wellbeing and mental health. He has written over 40 publications on all aspects of PSHE and Citizenship.

PAVITA COOPER FOUNDER, MORE DIFFERENCE

Courtesy of CMI

Pavita Cooper is the Founder of More Difference

Pavita is recognised as a leading talent and diversity expert; she has over 25 years’ experience as an executive talent leader across a range of multi-sector global blue-chip organisations, including Shell, Barclays and Lloyds Banking Group. Pavita has acted as an advisor to CEOs, executive teams and business leaders across sectors that include financial services, energy, consumer, professional services and luxury goods.

Having led in-house Board level appointments and promotion processes, she understands that organisations need fresh and innovative thinking for their ongoing talent challenges. Pavita combines her deep technical expertise with an ability to frame insights in a direct but compelling style.

DR. MARCELL VOLLMER CHIEF INNOVATION OFFICER, CELONIS

Courtesy of Dr. Marcell Vollmer

Dr. Marcell Vollmer is Chief Innovation Officer at Celonis

Marcell is responsible for defining and driving innovations and digital transformation for customers globally.

A thought leader in procurement, supply chain, finance and shared services, Marcell’s expertise

lies in defining digital transformation strategy and to make‚ “Run Simple” a reality for global customers and consumers by delivering transformation success and process productivity gains.

Previously, he was Chief Digital Officer In SAP’s Cloud Business Group and Chief Operating Officer for SAP Ariba where he successfully developed and led global business development, procurement, go to market, sales operations, and enablement. And prior to that Marcell was Chief Procurement Officer of SAP and was responsible for the reorganization and process optimization for and end-to-end source-to-pay organization. Since joining SAP in 2005 he has held various leadership roles involving restructuring, improving project efficiency and execution of global programs in finance, procurement, sales, human resources and post-merger integrations.

Interested in the conference? Please use the button below to book your place:

The Midlands Conference 2019

Management 4.0 will be the focal point of the CMI Annual Midlands Conference 2019, that will be held in Birmingham on Friday the 4th of October 2019 at the Birmingham International Conference Centre.

Featured image: courtesy of CMI

Now in its 6th year, the CMI Annual Midlands Conference 2019 will take place on Friday 4th October at the Birmingham International Conference Centre.

Source CMI

The Chartered Management Institute (CMI) is organizing the Midlands Conference, an annual event that takes place in either West or East Midlands in the UK every year. As West and East Midlands are relatively close, the conference happens every year in either one of the two areas as a unanimous event. This year, the Midlands Conference will be held in Birmingham on Friday the 4th of October 2019 at the Birmingham International Conference Centre. The focal point of the conference will be the discussion subject of the national campaign Management 4.0 as announced earlier this year.

Courtesy of CMI

CMI defines Management 4.0 as management in the fourth industrial revolution where technology plays the most important role shaping a new business landscape, and businesses are called to demonstrate their compatibility to this change. Please use the button below to download the Management 4.0 discussion paper:

The event will explore Management 4.0 themes through high-profile keynote speakers, and engaging workshops

KEYNOTE SPEAKERS:

ANN FRANCKE CMgr CCMI
CEO, CMI
DILSHAD SHEIKH CCMI
Chair, CMI West Midlands Regional Board
PAVITA COOPER CCMI
Founder,
More Difference
SIMON BLAKE OBE CCMI
Chief Executive, Mental Health First Aid England
DR. MARCELL VOLLMER
Chief Innovation Officer,
Celonis

WORKSHOP HOSTS:

Dorothy Francis MBE CCMI
Co-Director, CASE
Patrick Kniveton CCMI
Visiting Professor, University of Derby
Claire-Elaine Arthurs CMgr MCMI
CMI Women Champion,
CMI West Midlands Regional Board
Claire Whitehead-Wall
FCMI

Mentoring Champion, CMI West Midlands Regional Board

Management 4.0 themes to be explored


Technology Transformed
The meaning of innovations
(AI, automation, new ways
of communication) for managers.
Discussion paper


Patterns of Work Transformed
Working force flexibility
and remote work.
Discussion paper


Leadership Transformed
New leadership styles and
new leadership skills.
Discussion paper


Society Transformed
New challenges for
managers deriving from
diversity of population.
Discussion paper


Business Transformed
The meaning of technology
for existing business models.
Discussion paper


Lifelong Learning Transformed
The importance of Up-skilling
and re-skilling.
Discussion paper

Interested in the conference?
Please use the button below
to book your place:

CMI works with businesses and education providers to create skilled, confident and successful managers and leaders. With more than 81,000 currently studying our practical qualifications and over 132,000 members dedicated to improving their management and leadership skills and performance, CMI provides the tools and resources for success. Backed by a unique Royal Charter, CMI is the only organisation allowed to award Chartered Manager status – the ultimate management accolade.

Source CMI

“Create a Gender-Balanced Workplace” by CMI CEO Ann Francke OBE

Ann will be a keynote speaker at the the CMI Annual Midlands Conference 2019, that will be held in Birmingham on Friday the 4th of October 2019 at the Birmingham International Conference Centre.

Featured image: courtesy of Ann Francke

I would like to dedicate this article to an outstanding lady that is shaping modern history for women managers all over the world. Ann Francke, one of the most inspirational leaders of our times and currently the Chief Executive Officer at the Chartered Management Institute (CMI).

Ann Francke, CEO of Chartered Management Institute (CMI), Winner of the Louis Armstrong Award for outstanding leadership of a UK professional body 2016 and Author of: Financial Times Guide to Management: How to Make a Difference and Get Results.

Source: CMI

CMI describes Ann Francke as “a transformational leader with vision, pace and proven ability to deliver profitable growth and build organisational capability.”

Anne Francke. Courtesy of AnnFrancke

Ann Francke is Strategic Advisor at Tongal and a Non-Exec at Grant Thornton International additionally she is a member of the CRUK Women of Influence Board, WACL, MGGB and an Advisory Board member of Lancaster Management, Nottingham Trent and the Open University Business Schools. 

At CMI, she uses her experience in leading organisations to promote best practices in management and leadership, and improve management standards across the UK and beyond. Ann has been named in the top 100 women to watch in the 2015 Female FTSE report from Cranfield and is an expert on current challenges facing women in the workplace.

Source: CMI
Ann Francke on Sky news – Men-only charity gala

Ann speaks constantly in the media and at conferences about management best practice, gender equality in the workplace. 

Ann Francke, CEO of the Chartered Management Institute, interview at UWE Bristol

Before CMI Ann Francke held roles such as ‘Global General Manager at the British Standards Institution’, member of the executive board at Boots and Yell and ‘European Vice President’ at Mars. Ann started her career at Procter & Gamble where Ann managed numerous international brands such as Pampers, Always and Olay.

Ann holds a BA with Distinction from Stanford, an MBA/MS from Columbia; Honorary Doctorates in Business Administration from UWE and Nottingham Trent Universities and a Doctor of the University from Oxford Brookes.

Source: CMI

Ann will be a keynote speaker at the the CMI Annual Midlands Conference 2019, that will be held in Birmingham on Friday the 4th of October 2019 at the Birmingham International Conference Centre. Her book Create a Gender-Balanced Workplace will be available on the 26th of September. To get a copy of the book please visit this link.

Courtesy of Penguin

In the Penguin Experts: Create a Gender-Balanced Workplace, Ann Francke, the CEO of the Chartered Management Institute (CMI), introduces her solution to combating the problems at the heart of the continued imbalance and offers clear, actionable strategies for making a positive change in your organisation.

Source: Penguin

If you are interested in scheduling an interview with Ann, please contact the press office.

CMI’s new Patron, Her Royal Highness the Countess of Wessex, promoting gender equality in the workplace

Her Royal Highness The Countess of Wessex has been supporting gender equality and the empowerment of women through the years.

Featured image: courtesy of CMI

On the 15th of May, Her Royal Highness The Countess of Wessex attended The Chartered Management Institute’s annual President’s Dinner at Kensington Palace. This event honours outstanding achievements by UK managers and was Her Royal Highness’s first event as Patron.

Courtesy of CMI – Her Royal Highness The Countess of Wessex

His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh handed over the Patronage of The Chartered Management Institute, the chartered professional body for management and leadership, to Her Royal Highness The Countess of Wessex. The Duke of Edinburgh has been associated with The Chartered Management Institute for 50 years, having become an Honorary Fellow in 1969, and subsequently Royal Patron in 1992. During The Duke of Edinburgh’s tenure as Patron, the CMI has led the debate on the future of management and leadership, the gender pay gap, employee well-being and engagement, as well as talent management and diversity.

On The Countess’s appointment, Bruce Carnegie-Brown, President of The Chartered Management Institute, said:

I would like to take this opportunity to thank The Duke of Edinburgh for his fifty years’ service to The Chartered Management Institute, both as an Honorary Fellow and as Royal Patron. During that time, with The Duke’s support, we have seen incredible progress towards increasing the number and standard of professionally qualified managers and leaders. I warmly welcome The Countess of Wessex as The Duke’s successor and look forward to continuing to champion important causes for managers and leaders within UK industry, under the Royal Patronage of Her Royal Highness.

Source CMI

Ann Francke, Chief Executive of The Chartered Management Institute, added:

The Countess is a tireless supporter of UK business and workplace diversity, and I am honoured that she will become the CMI’s new Royal Patron. With The Countess’s support we will continue our efforts to inspire managers to become better managers, particularly when it comes to the advancement of inclusive leadership.

Source CMI
Courtesy of CMI – Her Royal Highness The Countess of Wessex and Ann Francke CMI’s CEO

During Her speech at the Chartered Management Institute’s annual President’s Dinner at Kensington Palace, Her Royal Highness The Countess of Wessex underlined the issues of Gender Equality and women’s empowerment as crucial. Her Royal Highness called business leaders to take action and embrace gender diversity as there is ‘more for all’ and everybody ‘gets to win’.

CMI’s new Patron Her Royal Highness the Countess of Wessex

Her Royal Highness The Countess of Wessex has been supporting gender equality and the empowerment of women through the years. Her Royal Highness has been speaking about those issues at numerous events, such as the President of the General Assembly’s ‘Women in Power’ event, at the Commission of the Status of Women (CSW), United Nations in New York in March earlier this year.

Are you a manager? Why not join CMI today!

CMI is offering a series of highest quality qualifications that come along with many benefits for its members such as better performance, marketability and higher earnings.

Featured image: courtesy of rawpixel.com from Pexels

There was never a better time to become a member of the Chartered Management Institute (CMI) as it is the only organization that acts as a chartered professional body for managers. CMI offers memberships to managers of all levels (aspiring and existing) and equips its members with cutting edge skills to help them perform best.

Formerly known as the British Institute of Management, it formed the UK’s first diploma in management studies 60 years ago. Since then, the Chartered Manager Institute (CMI) has been constantly developing management (training and thinking). Today CMI is the ‘only chartered professional body dedicated to promoting the highest standards in management and leadership excellence.’ CMI is counting more than 100,000 managers that use its ‘unique services on a daily basis.’

CMI: About us
Courtesy of rawpixel.com from Pexels

CMI is offering a series of highest quality qualifications that come along with many benefits for its members such as better performance, marketability and higher earnings. Moreover, recent research reveals that:

Over 85% of managers agreed their management and leadership qualification improved their performance and by transferring their new skills to the work place, almost all have seen a vast improvement in their teams’ performance too. 78% of employers agreed that qualifications provide quality assurance for customers and that the benefits outweighed the time, money and effort invested in obtaining them. More than 80% of managers say that taking a management qualification has resulted in increased professional recognition, with most stating that employers prefer qualified managers when recruiting. This was confirmed by a further 53% advising that their qualification had helped them in gaining a promotion.

CMI: Study with us

You can watch a brief presentation of CMI resources, tools and development tools in the video.

Courtesy of CMI

CMI is dedicated to its vision to ‘Better led and managed organisations’, its mission to ‘Increase the number and standard of professionally qualified managers’ and core values that are: ‘professional, progressive, passionate, practical.’

Please click here to find out more about CMI’s qualifications. To download CMI’s qualifications brochure, please click here. Some help about choosing the best qualifications can be by clicking here. To find a study centre, please click here. For study support please click here.

Click here and become a CMI member now!

CMI Women: Gender Inequality in the Workplace

Featured image: courtesy of Christina Morillo from Pexels

According to BBC, since January 2018, Iceland is the first country in the world that enforces equal pay to women in the workplace.

‘Every firm with 25 or more staff must have a certificate showing they pay everyone in the same roles equally – no matter what their gender, sexuality, or ethnicity is.’

BBC: Iceland now the first country to enforce equal pay for women and men

Sadly, in many other countries, women are not treated as in Iceland. CMI Women postulates that in the UK there is still a chasm between theory and practice. According to CMI Women female managers are still subjected to ‘bias’ in the workplace. Thus, CMI Women calls for action alerting managers that now more than ever it is a necessity to support gender balance in the workplace and fix the ‘broken windows.’

‘Fixing these ‘broken windows’ is the most urgent challenge facing any manager trying to support gender balance in their organisation.’

CMI Women: Broken Windows

Video by CMI Women: ‘Achieving gender inequality in the workplace.’

To promote diversity in the workplace, CMI Women suggests the Blueprint for Balance, an innovative open source tool. By using the Blueprint for Balance, businesses have the opportunity to ‘download resources for best practice‘, ‘benchmark themselves‘, and ‘upload and share their resources to support the drive for diversity.

Stress management at work

Effective stress management is essential to maintain a happy, balanced life. Experts stress that good nutrition, sufficient sleep and healthy social interaction, are factors that not only boost well-being but also boost performance.

Featured image: courtesy of energepic.com from Pexels

Jo Sutherland, guest blogger at CMI postulates that mental health problems in the workplace consist an invisible threat that should not be undermined. Stress not only blocks productivity but also threatens the general well-being of the workforce.

‘A survey by the Mental Health Foundation found that 28 per cent of men and 19 per cent of women with mental health problems admitted they had not sought any help. It’s important, then, that managers understand the signs and establish the support networks necessary to ensure that nobody feels they have to suffer in silence.’

Source: CMI

According to Robinson et al. (2008) in order to fight stress in an effective manner, it is crucial to identify its sources. One of the most effective stress management techniques is applying the four As: avoid, alter, adapt and accept.

Courtesy of Pedro Figueras from Pexels

Avoid consists of ‘learning to say no’, knowing one’s limits and sticking to them, avoid taking excess responsibility, recognizing necessary responsibility and avoiding excessive workload. Furthermore, alter consists of altering unavoidable situations, releasing stressful feelings by expressing them, ‘be willing to compromise’ and maintain a ‘balanced schedule.’ What’s more, adapt consists of willing to change oneself instead of the ‘stressor’, change the viewing perspective to a more positive, ‘look at the big picture’, adjust one’s standards to a reasonable level, avoid perfectionism, and ‘practice gratitude.’ Likewise, accept refers to acceptance of whatever is beyond one’s control. Instead of trying to control the ‘uncontrollable’ and changing the ‘unavoidable’, one can practice positive, optimistic behaviour, willingness to forgive and move further. Similarly, sharing feelings with a friend or an expert may be proved to be ‘cathartic’, reducing the burden and suffocation caused by stress.

Courtesy of Photo Pixabay from Pexels

   Another key thing to remember, as Robinson et al. (2008) posit, activities are especially helpful in stress management, more specifically rhythmic exercise. Not only activities but also ‘connecting to others’ is equally important as interaction triggers body hormones that relieve stress naturally. Coupled with the above, ‘fun and relaxation’ play an important role in stress management as they pro-act rest and ‘recharge’ one with energy. Uninterrupted breaks, enjoyable activities and maintaining a ‘sense of humor’ help stress fighting. Another important factor that can help in stress relief is effective time management. Avoiding over-committing to tasks or scheduling activities that take place constantly, without breaks is crucial. Accurate task estimation and prioritization, project fragmentation and ‘delegating responsibility’ may be effective time management techniques. Coupled with the above techniques maintaining a healthy lifestyle is equally important. Sufficient sleep, good quality food and a healthy, nutritious diet avoiding unhealthy foods and damaging substances boost energy and productivity. Finally, one needs to bear in mind that releasing stress ‘in the moment’ is helpful in stress management. Breathing techniques, listening to music or hugging a pet may have a positive effect in stress relief as well. The success of the suggested stress management methods vary depending on the individual.

References

Robinson, L., Smith, M., & Segal, R. (2018). Stress management. HelpGuide.org. Retrieved from https://www.helpguide.org/articles/stress/stress-management.htm

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